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September 23, 2013

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NEXT TO YOU
IT’S THE HARDEST
WORKER ONTHE FARM.
DAILY NEWS
W A P A K O N E T A
AGRICULTURE
TODAY
Thursday, September 12, 2013
By BRITTANY POWELL
Staff Writer
Congress is at a stand-
still with the U.S. Farm
Bill, legislation which
determines federal gov-
ernment policies related
to agriculture. Te $972
billion bill’s deadline is
Oct. 1.
Local farmers are con-
cerned about when the
bill will be passed.
Auglaize County Farm
Bureau Organization Di-
rector Jill Smith said the
farm bill will afect Aug-
laize County farmers.
“We’re small, but we’re
defnitely an economic
engine,” Smith said.
Smith said local farm-
ers are concerned about
the farm
bill be-
cause they
c a n n o t
plan for
the future
of their
businesses
without it.
“Te lack of having a
nailed down farm bill
leaves a lot of things to
chance,” Smith said.
She said the lack of a
bill is afecting farmers
fnancially. Without the
bill, farmers cannot re-
ceive loans. Without def-
nite programs in place
regarding the future of
their farms, farmers also
cannot plan for crop in-
surance and other fnan-
cial decisions.
“Tey want a safety
net,” Smith said. “Tat
was the purpose when
the bill was created.”
Smith said the average
age of farmer is 55 years
old, and the farm bill
plays a role in bringing
younger farmers into ag-
riculture.
“We need to retain
history, but need new
folks in feld,” Smith said.
“Keeping it vibrant and
healthy is key in keeping
it going and geting new
people involved.”
Smith said the struggle
for congress members
to make important de-
cisions for farmers may
be making new farmers
think twice about start-
ing in agriculture.
Smith said the farm bill
plays a role in everyday
agriculture.
Describing the bill as a
“geographic issue,” Smith
said southern states want
price protection for their
crops, whereas midwest
is concerned about se-
curity. However, she said
the main concern is that
the bill gets passed soon.
“Wherever you live in
the county and whether
you have livestock or
grain, at the end of the
day we know how impor-
tant it is to pass the farm
bill,” Smith said.
“We just need to make
sure the programs we
need are passed so agri-
culture in the U.S. can
move forward,” Smith
said.
Te American Farm
Bureau membership
plans to “Bring the Heat”
to the nation’s capital this
month.
Trough phone calls,
emails, social media, in-
district meetings, farm
tours, town hall meetings
and other events, farm-
ers and ranchers used
Congress’ recent recess
to “Bring the Heat” to
lawmakers on three key
issues: the farm bill, ag
labor reform and water-
ways infrastructure.
“Farmers and ranchers
feel the heat from work-
ing outdoors, and they
share heated views of
See FARM, Page 4C
Divided Congress on farm
policies create national concern
Smith
Wapakoneta Daily News Thursday, September 12, 2013 The Evening Leader
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‘Farmplicity’ among a wave of
student-launched business ideas
ST. LOUIS (MCT) —
A convergence of sorts
happened last month in
St. Louis when a farmer
and his daughter deliv-
ered vegetables to a small
eatery.
John Kopmann and his
daughter, Katie, dropped
of boxes of corn and cu-
cumbers at Green Bean, a
new-ish fast-casual restau-
rant that serves healthful,
sustainably produced of-
ferings.
It was a transaction ar-
ranged, not with a call
or an email, but with a
few easy mouse clicks —
something that, at least
for some farmers in the
area, is becoming the new
handshake.
Kopmann connected
with Green Bean via
the Web, through a site
launched a few months
ago called Farmplicity
that serves as an online
marketplace for restau-
rants looking to buy lo-
cally grown produce. Te
idea, say Farmplicity’s
founders, is to take the
hassle out of sales, leav-
ing farmers more time do
what they do best — grow
and produce food.
“We want to take away
the pains of the process,
but leave the human in-
teraction,” said Jolijt Ta-
manaha, one of the site’s
four founders. “We’re
just trying to take away
the annoying part — the
thousands of invoices and
hundreds of phone calls.”
Tamanaha and her fel-
low Farmplicity founders
thought of the concept
afer watching a docu-
mentary called “American
Meat” that takes a critical
look at industrial food
production. Ten they
learned that the U.S. De-
partment of Agriculture
suggests that the biggest
challenges for small-scale
growers trying to get into
farming are the costs and
time associated with mar-
keting and outreach.
“I kept thinking: It
doesn’t make sense how
we do things,” Tamanaha
recalled. “And then I was
thinking about how we
could solve the inef cien-
cies if we could get all the
small farmers in the same
place — and then I real-
ized the Internet was that
place.”
So Tamanaha and three
of her classmates at Wash-
ington University came up
with Farmplicity, which
works like this: Farmers
and restaurateurs regis-
ter on the site. Farmers
enter the
a m o u n t
of egg-
plant or
cucumber
or toma-
toes they
have to
sell. Res-
taurateurs
enter the
a m o u n t
they want.
Farmplic-
ity, which
adjusts in
real time, processes the
sale and the farmer, or
farmers, deliver the goods.
If a restaurant wants 10
pounds of eggplant, they
might get it from 10 dif-
ferent farms.
“Farmplicity is re-
ally about honoring craf.
Farming is a craf. Cook-
ing is a craf,” said Tama-
naha, now a junior. “We
want to make sharing
food a sustainable busi-
ness model.”
Tamanaha developed
the Farmplicity model
in an entrepreneur class
at Washington Univer-
sity called Te Hatchery,
which has, in recent years,
launched a
number of
food-related
busi nesses,
i n c l u d i n g
Green Bean.
Others in-
clude Bold
Organics, a
gl ut en- f ree
pizza com-
pany and an
app that sells
wasted food
at a discount.
Clif Hole-
kamp, who runs the class,
says students are launch-
ing a lot of food-centric
concepts not just because
they’re trendy, but be-
cause they’re more obvi-
ous to them.
“Many people who
start businesses start busi-
nesses that serve their
own needs — they create
See WAVE, Page 4C
Farm saves
Indian seeds
to encourage
tribal health
By J. HOPFENSPERGER
Star Tribune (Minneapolis)
MI NNE A P OL I S
(MCT) — At frst glance,
the small farm near Lino
Lakes, Minn., looks much
like other charming hob-
by farms in the area. But
it holds a distinct niche in
Minnesota and likely the
nation.
Te patch of corn near
the driveway is a spe-
cial white heirloom corn
handed down by genera-
tions of Oneida Indians.
Te black beans sprout-
ing on nearby vines were
grown for centuries by
Hopi Indians. Tere’s
squash from the Lakota
tribe, corn from the Da-
kotas, and a team of urban
teenagers who are learn-
ing to harvest, cook and
market the plants that fed
their ancestors.
Te farm is the heart of
Dream of Wild Health, a
St. Paul, Minn., nonproft
that is part of a small but
growing national move-
ment to collect and save
seeds once cultivated by
Indian communities.
Te seeds are a di-
rect link to Minnesota’s
earliest agriculture. And
they’re at the core of the
nonproft’s varied proj-
ects to improve Indians’
well-being by growing a
new generation of health-
conscious leaders. For its
unusual approach to fght-
ing hunger and disease,
the nonproft was named
one of Minnesota’s Top
15 hunger-fghting agen-
cies in a recent study com-
missioned by Minnesota
Philanthropy Partners in
St. Paul.
“Tere is history in
those plants, and (the
youth) are carrying it ge-
netically forward,” said
Diane Wilson, executive
director of the nonproft,
as she watched the teens
pulling up vegetables.
Restoring health is the
goal of the agency, which
receives funding from the
Minnesota Department
of Health along with vari-
ous state foundations.
Dream of Wild Health
was born in 2000, an of-
shoot of a St. Paul-based
transitional housing and
support program for In-
dians called Peta Wakan
Tipi. Sally Auger, its
now-retired founder, said
women in the program
wanted to plant a tradi-
tional garden.
Te project took of
when a package of seeds
arrived from an elderly
Potawatomi woman from
Wisconsin named Cora
Baker. She had become an
unof cial “Keeper of the
Seeds” entrusted to her by
Indians from across the
region.
“I had prayed and
prayed that someone
would take up garden-
ing again,” she wrote. “I
am very pleased to learn
about your project.”
In 2003, the nonproft
purchased a 10-acre farm
outside the city of Hugo
in Washington County,
Minn., and began its ag-
ricultural and health care
experiment. Baker died
but the seeds kept com-
ing. One elderly donor
had saved seeds in a sock
in her drawer for decades,
said Auger. Te Lac Cour-
tes Oreilles band in Wis-
consin shared some of its
oldest seeds. Word spread.
“People at the powwow
talk,” said Auger. “Tey’d
been holding the seeds so
long. Tey wanted them
alive again.”
It was exciting for
the fedgling organiza-
tion, like opening a time
capsule. Dream of Wild
Health worked with a
horticulture professor at
the University of Minne-
sota, the late Albert (Bud)
Markhart, who was able
to make nine rare varieties
of corn viable again.
But Auger and Wil-
son knew the project was
about more than seed
saving. Over the years,
they launched education
and outreach projects for
youth. Tose eforts be-
gan to distinguish Dream
See SEEDS, Page 3C
Farmer John Kopmann,
left, and his oldest
daughter Jamie, 13, with
Three Girls and A Tractor,
bag an order of corn
and green peppers to
deliver to Green Bean,
in St. Louis. Kopmann,
a longtime produce
farmer, recently joined
Farmplicity, which was
developed by Washington
University students in an
entrepreneur class called
the Hatchery.
Laurie Skrivan/St. Louis Post-Dispatch/
MCT
Farmplicity is
really about
honoring craft.
Farming is a
craft.
— Jolijt Tamanaha
Seeds From Page 2C
of Wild Health from oth-
er national seed saving
groups, as well as Min-
nesotans working to pre-
serve native seeds, such
as the White Earth Land
Recovery Project or the
Shakopee Mdewakanton
Sioux Community.
Te groups have a big
task before them. While
it’s well-known that Indi-
ans were the frst to cul-
tivate pumpkins, beans,
corn and squash, they
actually used about 1,900
types of plants for foods
and 2,900 for medicines,
said Craig Hassel, an as-
sociate professor in the
University of Minnesota’s
Department of Food Sci-
ence and Nutrition, who
has worked with Dream
of Wild Health since its
founding.
Fast-forward 13 years.
Today the farm is planted
with vegetables, tobacco
and medicinal plants that
were part of life for na-
tive Minnesotans. Tat
includes a tobacco variety
that has been around 600
years, said Ernie White-
man, the project’s cultural
interpreter.
Te farm also grows
organic vegetables, which
its teenage “Garden War-
riors” were harvesting last
week.
Jalen Morrison, 16, of
St. Paul, has worked at the
farm for four years. His
experience shows how the
nonproft tries to groom
future health emissaries.
Morrison started in
a program called Cora’s
Kids, a one-week farm
experience project. Now
a Garden Warrior, he’s
participating in a cooking
class in the farm kitchen
and sometimes stafs the
farm’s vegetable booth
at the Midtown Farmers
Market in Minneapolis.
“Before I came here,
I didn’t know anything
about making a garden,
about diferent types of
seeds, diferent plants to
eat,” Morrison said during
a lunch break under a big
shade tree.
Nearby, Breanna
Greene and Gene Parker,
both 14-year-olds from St.
Paul, said they liked get-
ting out of the city, work-
ing the felds, and “being
able to be outside and be
safe.”
Greene says she has
experimented with mak-
ing salads at home with
her family. Parker proudly
announced, “A couple of
days ago I cooked my frst
wild rice.”
Te teens get paid for
their summer work. Tey
also get leadership oppor-
tunities during the school
year. Some can eventually
return as interns and even
staf.
Te farm, in fact, is a
scientifc laboratory for
older students. It is cur-
rently hosting a university
student who is studying
how to protect its pure-
bred crops from geting
pollinated — and spoiled
— by genetically engi-
neered varieties.
Te work doesn’t stop
at the farm. To reach
parents, Dream of Wild
Health ofers cooking
classes during the school
year and a “Garden in the
Box” — everything need-
ed to make a raised gar-
den bed. It also supports
indigenous gardens on St.
Paul’s East Side. And this
year it received funding to
buy a van to start a cater-
ing business.
While bursting with
ideas, the nonproft re-
lies heavily on its youth
to lead the charge against
fast foods and bad food.
Wapakoneta Daily News Thursday, September 12, 2013 The Evening Leader
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Corn pest
appears in
Illinois fields
By GEORGINA GUSTIN
St. Louis Post-Dispatch
(MCT) — Farmers
in two Illinois counties
are reporting that the
western corn rootworm,
a potentially devastating
pest, is showing up in
their felds despite rotat-
ing felds and planting
Monsanto Co’s insecti-
cidal corn.
On Monday, two Uni-
versity of Illinois ento-
mologists were called to
Livingston and Kanka-
kee counties, where they
spoted severe damage
from the corn rootworm
in two
felds that
were new-
ly planted
with corn
this year.
In cer-
tain parts
of the
Corn Belt,
i ncl udi ng
the north-
ern two-
thirds of Il-
linois, corn
rootworm is not entirely
controlled by rotating
felds between corn and
soy, or is “rotation-resis-
tant.” In these regions,
farmers rely on the
Monsanto-developed
corn, which produces an
insecticidal protein that
kills the rootworm. Te
corn, launched in 2003
and grown on some 37
million acres in 2011, is
engineered to produce
the fatal protein derived
from a bacterium, bacil-
lus thurigiensis, or Bt.
But the product, re-
ferred to as “Bt corn”
or a “Bt hybrid,” is now
showing evidence that
it isn’t as efective any-
more.
“Tis really repre-
sents the loss of a very
important tool for grow-
ers in this region,” said
Joe Spencer, one of the
entomologists who vis-
ited the felds earlier this
week and is an insect
behaviorist with the uni-
versity’s Illinois Natural
History Survey.
Spencer and Michael
Gray, the other entomol-
ogist, will now run tests
to confrm that these
rotation-resistant root-
worms are also resistant
to the protein expressed
by the corn.
In a report this week,
Gray said that produc-
ers across a wide swath
of the state will face a
“formidable insect foe”
capable of overcoming
both crop rotation and
the protein.
He and
S p e n c e r
col l ected
corn root-
worm not
just in the
damaged
corn but
in adjacent
s o y b e a n
felds. “Te
density of
the west-
ern corn
rootworm
adults in both crops ...
was additional evidence
that the Bt hybrids had
failed to ofer the nec-
essary root protection,”
Gray said in a statement.
Te western corn
rootworm costs Ameri-
can growers an estimat-
ed $1 billion a year in
crop losses and preven-
tative products.
“Te corn rootworm
is one of the most dev-
astating pests to the U.S.
corn yield,” said Luke
Samuel, who’s in charge
of corn insect traits for
Creve Coeur, Mo.-based
Monsanto, in an email
response Wednesday.
“Similar to years past,
we’ve seen pockets of
heavy corn rootworm
pressure in isolated areas
of Illinois and have been
closely working with
those farmers to address
See PEST, Page 4C
Sheep shearers in demand
OSU offers sheep shearing school Sept. 20-21
Sheep shearers are
in demand statewide as
fewer people are trained
in the art of shearing
the thick, woolen coats
of sheep, leaving many
smaller sheep producers
fewer options to perform
the animals’ annual shear-
ing needs, according to an
expert from Ohio State
University’s College of
Food, Agricultural, and
Environmental Sciences.
While there isn’t any
readily available hard
data on the number of
sheep shearers statewide,
as those in the profes-
sion aren’t required to be
licensed, anecdotally it’s
clear to those in the sheep
industry that shearing is
a dying art, said Roger
High, OSU Extension
state sheep program spe-
cialist.
OSU Extension is the
outreach arm of the col-
lege.
High, who is also the
executive director of the
Ohio Sheep Improvement
Association, atributes the
decline of sheep shearers
to the travel demands on
sheep shearers and the
fact that sheep shearing
can be labor intensive.
“Te demand is there
for sheep
s h e a r -
ers, par-
t i c ul a r l y
for those
producers
who have
smaller or
me d i u m
f l o c k s ,
b e c a u s e
there simply are fewer
people doing it,” he said.
“We really need sheep
shearers in Ohio.
“Te work can be la-
bor intensive because it
involves active, moving
sheep. If you learn how to
do the shearing technique
correctly, it’s not hard, but
if you aren’t doing it cor-
rectly, the process can be
stressful for the sheep and
for the shearer.”
To get more people
interested in sheep shear-
ing, OSU Extension and
the Ohio Sheep Improve-
ment Association are
sponsoring a Sheep Shear-
ing School Sept. 20-21
from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. both
days, at the Dave Cable
Farm, 10491 Canal Road
in Hebron. Te program
is open to beginner, in-
termediate and advanced
sheep shearers, High said.
Registration is $40 and
includes lunch. A regis-
tration form is available
at htp://www.ohiosheep.
org.
One goal of the school
is to get new people, par-
ticularly young people, in-
terested in sheep shearing
so they can gain knowl-
edge and make extra mon-
ey, he said.
“We’re encouraging
farmers, producers and
people who own sheep to
come out and learn how
to shear sheep,” High said.
“But we’re also encourag-
ing non-producers and
people interested in the
industry to learn how to
shear because the skill can
also be used as a side busi-
ness.
“If you really get into
it and want to travel, it’s
not a bad paying job. It
can vary from $2.50 a
head and up, depending
on how many sheep are in
need of shearing, and the
travel time and expenses
shearers incur to get to the
farms.”
Sheep typically are
sheared once a year for
the wool to make wool
products but also for the
welfare of the animals,
High said.
Ewes, which can weigh
90-350 pounds, and rams,
which can weigh 90-400
pounds, are shorn with a
shearing machine. Shear-
ing is healthier for the
animals, High said. It pre-
vents them from overheat-
ing and allows owners to
observe them for health
and nutrition issues.
“Most sheep are
housed in barns, which
atract moisture, and this
moisture can cause pneu-
monia,” he said. “Te
health of the animals can
be monitored beter if
producers are able to see
the animals’ skin by re-
moving the bulky feece,
which in some breeds can
reach 15 inches in length.”
Also, the feece can be-
come mud-stained and
mated and hide fea or
fy infestations that aren’t
easily detected, High said.
Te sheep shearing
school will teach the Aus-
tralian shearing method,
which includes moving
sheep with proper animal
handling techniques to
lessen stress on the sheep,
he said.
John Smith is an agricul-
tural agent with the Aug-
laize County Ohio State
University Extension Office.
John
Smith
The corn
rootworm is
one of the most
devastating
pests to the U.S.
corn yield.
— Luke Samuel
Wapakoneta Daily News Thursday, September 12, 2013 The Evening Leader
AGRICULTURE TODAY
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Edgerton, OH (E)
419-298-2302
Napoleon, OH (N)
419-592-3075
Paulding, OH (P)
419-399-3741
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Woodburn, IN (W)
260-632-4242
Van Wert, OH (V)
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COMBINES
0% Financing for 2 Years!
1984 Gleaner F3, 15’ head & 4R30 . . $14,900(C)
1998 CASE/IH 2388 . . . . . . . . . . $79,900(A)
2004 JD 9860 STS . . . . . . . . . . . . $129,000(C)
(3)2011 JD 9670 STS . . . . . . . Starting at $195,900
(6)JD 9500 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Starting at $39,000
(2)JD 9510 . . . . . . . . . . Starting at $69,900
(3)JD 9600 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Starting at $39,000
(4)JD 9610 . . . . . . . . . . . . . Starting at $55,000
(8)JD 9650 STS. . . . . . . . . . . . . Starting at $84,900
(3)JD 9660 STS . . . . . . . . Starting at $149,500
(3)JD 9750 STS . . . . . . . . . . Starting at $79,900
(3)JD 9760 STS . . . . . . . . . Starting at $120,000
(3)JD 9770 STS . . . . . . . . . Starting at $199,000
4WD TRACTORS
1980 Versatile 555, 210HP . . . . . . . . . $10,000(A)
1998 JD 9300, 360hp . . . . . . . . . . . $99,900(A)
1997 JD 9400, 425hp, PTO . . . . . . . . $97,000(A)
2001 JD 9200, 310hp . . . . . . . . . . . $112,900(C)
2002 JD 9120, 275HP, 3Pt, PTO . . . . . $129,500(E)
2004 JD 9220, 325hp, Power Shift . . . . $134,900(E)
2004 JD 9520, 450HP . . . . . . . . . $139,500(V)
2009 JD 9330, PTO, 3Pt . . . . . . . . $221,500(C)
2009 JD 9230, 325HP . . . . . . . . . $179,900(C)
(2) JD 9320, 375HP . . . . Starting at $142,000(C)
UTILITY TRACTORS
1988 JD 2355, 2WD, Open, Loader . . $13,900(C)
1990 JD 2355, 2WD, w/ Side Mower . . $8,900(C)
1990 JD 2955, 2WD, Cab . . . . . . . . . $19,900(C)
2001 JD 6410, 85HP, 2WD, Cab . . . . . . . $31,900(C)
2002 Case/IH CX90, 80HP, 2WD, Open . . $19,900(C)
2004 NH TN75, 2WD . . . . . . . . . . . . . $16,900(E)
2008 Case/IH JX70, 70HP, 2WD, Open . . $18,500(C)
2010 NH 55 Workmaster, 2WD . . . . . $14,500(E)
(2)JD 6300, 2WD, Open . . Starting at $17,900(C)
(2)JD 6310, 2WD, Open . . Starting at $19,900(C)
(2)JD 6310, 2WD, Cab . . . Starting at $25,900(C)
(4)JD 6330, 2WD, Cab . . . Starting at $51,900(C)
SEEDING
JD 1990 CCS, 30ft x 10” . . . . . . . . . . . . $82,500(P)
Great Plains 20” No-Till Drill & Cart . . . . . $19,500(A)
JD 1790 24R x 15” . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .$110,000(P)
White 8180, 12R, Liq. Fert., No-Till . . . . $43,500(W)
CASE/IH 5400, 15’ Markers . . . . . . . . . . $10,900(V)
(2)JD 7200, 16R . . . . . . . . Starting at $21,900(C&A)
(2)JD 1790, 32R x 15” . . . Starting at $87,500(W&A)
(2)JD 1770NT, 24R . . . . . . . Starting at $112,500(E)
(8)JD 750 12”x20” Drills . Starting at $15,000(V,E,N)
ROW CROP TRACTORS
1973 JD 4630, 150hp, Cab . . . . . . . . . . $12,900(V)
1974 JD 4230, 100HP, “Sharp” . . . . . $17,500(A)
1979 JD 4640, 155hp, CHA . . . . . . . . . . $21,500(W)
1979 JD 4840, 180HP, 2WD . . . . . . . $19,900(A)
1989 JD 4755, 200HP, MFWD . . . . . . $52,500(E)
1992 JD 4960, 200HP, MFWD . . . . . . $75,000(N)
1993 JD 7800, 150hp, MFWD, Duals . . . $47,900(W)
1998 JD 8100, 160hp, 2WD, Duals . . . . . $72,500(C)
1998 JD 8300T, 200hp, 24” Tracks . . . . . $65,000(E)
1998 JD 8300, 200HP, MFWD . . . . . . $79,900(A)
2003 JD 6715, 115HP, MFWD, . . . . . . . . $28,500(A)
2005 JD 7220, MFWD, 110HP . . . . . . . $55,500(C)
2007 JD 8330, 225hp, MFWD, Duals . . . $159,500(E)
2008 JD 8230, 200HP, MFWD . . . . . . $164,500(C)
2008 AGCO RT120A, Loaded . . . . . . . . . $74,500(C)
2011 JD 7930, 180hp, MFWD, Duals . . . $158,500(N)
HAY EQUIPMENT
Case/IH 8455, R. Baler, 4x5 . . . . . . . . . . $7,900(C)
Case/IH 8420, Round Baler, 4x4 . . . . $4,995(A)
Gehl 1475, R. Baler, 4x5 . . . . . . . . . . $5,900(A)
Kuhn 353 Mo-Co, 11.5’ Rotary . . . . . $16,900(W)
NH 315 Sq. Baler, Clean w/ Chute . . . .$4,995(N)
Claas Rollant 66WP Baler, 4x5 . . . . . $11,000(C)
JD 64 Rake . . . . . . . . . . . . . . $2,750(C)
JD 704 Big Wheel Rake(10) . . . . . . . . $7,250(E)
JD 456 Silage Special Round Baler, 4x5 . $15,500(A)
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Congress failing to get
its work done,” Ameri-
can Farm Bureau Public
Policy Executive Director
Dale Moore said in a news
release. “Tey get steamed
when Congress delays au-
thorization of waterways
upgrades that are critical
to U.S. agriculture’s global
competitiveness. Farmers
get hot under the collar
about a Washington that
debates to death any re-
forms that would help us
get the farm workers we
desperately need, or be-
comes mired in politics
regarding a farm bill that
ensures a safe and plenti-
ful food supply.”
With Senate passage
of immigration reform
legislation, a farm bill
and the Water Resources
Development Act, over
the past month, farmers
and ranchers have really
focused their eforts on
House members.
“Te biggest hurdle to
clear with these bills is
House passage,” Moore
said. “While the House
and Senate will ultimately
have to conference on
each of these measures-
and there will be some
struggles during this part
of the process-House ac-
tion will bring us signif-
cantly closer to the goal
line.”
Republican U.S. Sen.
Rob Portman released
in a statement that he
wanted to vote for the bill,
but he disagreed with the
Senate’s refusal to “end
the counter-cyclical pay-
ments program which
can encourage farmers to
base production decisions
on federal subsidy levels
rather than a crop’s mar-
ket price.”
Also, Portman dis-
agreed with Senate’s deci-
sion not to “scale back” on
the Supplemental Nutri-
tion Assistance Program,
which he said collects 80
percent of the Farm Bill’s
total cost.
“Spending on the pro-
gram has doubled and
enrollment has increased
by 70 percent under the
Obama Administration
as loopholes and an ease-
ment of asset and income
considerations for par-
ticipants have allowed the
program to grow faster
than economic conditions
would have otherwise al-
lowed,” Portman said in a
statement.
He said if the House
addressed these issues, he
would support the bill.
Democratic U.S. Sen.
Sherrod Brown said ear-
lier this year to divide the
farm bill between farm
programs and entitlement
programs would be det-
rimental for the United
States.
“Te House broke a
40-year bipar ti san tra di-
tion of pass ing a com pre-
hen sive Farm Bill,” Brown
said. “Tis approach was
opposed by more than
530 agri cul ture, com mod-
ity, and rural devel op-
ment groups because they
know that spliting the bill
will hurt Amer i can agri-
cul ture.
“Te Sen ate was able
to pass a strong, bipar ti-
san bill that imple mented
crit i cal farm safety re-
forms and saved tax pay ers
more than the House bill,”
he said. “It’s time for the
House to put Amer i can
farm ers and pro duc ers
ahead of par ti san politics.”
Afer fail ing to pass a
com pre hen sive, fve-year
farm bill in 2012 and
again this year, the House
passed par ti san leg is la tion
that did not include fund-
ing fornutri tion pro grams
that sup port Ohio fam i-
lies, chil dren, and vet er-
ans.
In July, of cials from
more than 530 agri cul-
tural and rural devel op-
ment orga ni za tions urged
House Speaker John
Boehner to vote on the
Fed eral Agri cul ture Re-
form and Risk Man age-
ment Act of 2013, a fve-
year, bipar ti san bill the
Sen ate passed in June.
Brown, a mem ber of
the Sen ate Agri cul ture
Com mitee, included a
num ber of pro vi sions into
the base text of the bill in
addi tion to amend ments
that were included in the
Sen ate Agri culture Com-
mitee mark-up.
Farm From Page 1C Pest From Page 3C
Wave From Page 2C
a business around a need
they discover,” he said.
“Students don’t have deep
professional experiences.
Tey haven’t worked in an
industry for 20 years, and
so they don’t know that
this widget bends this
way when it should bend
another. But they’ve been
consumers of food their
whole life, so it’s no sur-
prise we see a lot of good
food concepts.”
Te concepts, too, have
goten more sophisticat-
ed.
Over the years, Jerome
Katz, a professor of entre-
preneurship at St. Louis
University, has seen hun-
dreds of ideas foated by
students — ofen related
to food.
“Tere’s always the stu-
dent who wants to start
a bar — and everyone
around the table groans,”
he said. “But, to be fair,
there’s a new generation
of students who are look-
ing at the food industry
and saying: I think there’s
a beter way.”
One of those students,
Dan Brewer, launched
MOFU Soy, a small-batch
tofu company. Others
have launched communi-
ty supported agriculture
programs or food trucks.
Given the high failure rate
of restaurants and bars
— and the high up-front
investment — students
are trying newer concepts
that require less capital.
“It’s cheaper to start up
and if you fail you can re-
cover more of your invest-
ment,” Katz said. “Tere’s
a lot of energy — and, par-
don the pun, fresh think-
ing — in this space. Even
the old-fashioned bar and
restaurant approach is
geting a refresh.”
St. Louis University
saw that students were
taking such an interest
in food startups that the
school built degree pro-
grams around them.
Last year it launched a
master’s degree program
in culinary entrepreneur-
ship, and has a new un-
dergraduate major in food
innovation.
“We’re trying to do a
beter job of educating
people before they get
into the food industry,”
Katz said. “Tere’s a lot
more efort being made
to make them aware of
all the varieties of work in
the food industry. Help-
ing them do that, they
start seeing more oppor-
tunities.”
those issues through a se-
ries of best management
practices.”
Spencer and Gray say
that rotation-resistant
rootworm is found not
just in Illinois, but also in
parts of Indiana, Michi-
gan, Ohio and Iowa. Tat
might mean farmers in a
larger area could see simi-
lar problems in years to
come.
“Tis is a prety new
situation,” Spencer said.
“We won’t know how big
this area is.”
Gray and Spencer say
that growers will have to
switch to a product that
has “multiple modes of
action” against corn root-
worm — such as Mon-
santo’s Genuity Smart-
Stax line, which kills the
worms with an additional
protein.
Tose growers who
don’t plant the product
with the additional pro-
tein may have to use soil
insecticides — the very
practice that the Bt hy-
brids were intended to
curb.
In a study issued last
year, Washington State
University researcher
Charles Benbrook re-
ported that Bt crops have
reduced insecticide use
by 123 million pounds,
or 28 percent, since their
introduction.
Western corn rootworm
Wapakoneta Daily News Thursday, September 12, 2013 The Evening Leader
AGRICULTURE TODAY
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Your “Close to Home” Dealer for Agriculture Needs
Local farmers benefit from low bug damage
By JANICE BARNIAK
Staff Writer
ST. MARYS — Crops
are thriving this year,
especially corn, thanks
to excellent pollination
and low bug damage this
year.
“It was kind of scary,
early on we got a lot of
rain,” said John Smith, of
the Ohio State Univer-
sity Auglaize Extension
ofce.
Te soybeans had
litle tile in ground, and
early on, Smith saw wa-
ter standing in the felds.
“Soybeans don’t like
that,” Smith said. “Tey
don’t like wet feet.”
Right now, Smith said
he believes soybeans
should have an excellent
crop, average or a litle
above. Te corn, he said,
pollinated well, and right
now people are chopping
the corn for livestock.
Te corn is starting dent,
which shows it’s ripened,
and it’s pollinated to tip
of the ear — another
good sign.
“Tis year I didn’t see
any insects damaging
the silks,” Smith said.
Silk is critical for polli-
nation, as it is the female
part of the plant. Tere’s
no particular reason why
insect damage was low,
Smith said.
“I’m happy happened
that way,” Smith said.
Farmers are now look-
ing at their second crop
soybeans, planted afer
the wheat.
“We need a rain right
now, so please do your
rain dance,” Smith said.
“If we have an early frost,
the second crop won’t
do much, but with a late
frost it should be prety
darn good.”
Moisture and wheat,
Smith said, are what
farmers are looking at
right now as farmers hope
temperatures will hit the
sweet spot for crops.
“If we get in 90s that
shuts crops down,” he
said. “We don’t want ex-
treme.”
He said 70 to 80 de-
grees would be best for
the area.
Cuting hay is also pro-
gressing, as farmers plan
for their winter wheat.
Soybean also beneft-
ted from an insect-free
season. Smith said there
were hardly any soybean
aphids, and not many
Japanese beetles.
“So far it’s been excel-
lent,” Smith.
Te group that sur-
veys the areas, estimated
the state would produce
171 bushel per acre on
corn.
“Tat’s above our
county average,” Smith
said. “Hopefully our
county is right there with
it. Tis part of Ohio is
beter than some areas.”
Staff photo/Janice Barniak
Corn has blossomed this year under ideal growing conditions.
Invasive species
workshop set for Oct.
From staff reports
ST. MARYS — No mater where
you look today in Ohio you can see the
impact of non-native invasive species
in some shape or form. Emerald ash
borer opened up many of our wood-
lands so that now we have to deal with
invading plants and other insects.
Te Ohio Woodland Stewards Pro-
gram is holding this one day in-depth
training session on invasive species.
Te class, titled “Ohio’s Non-native
Invasive Species” will be held Fri-
day, Oct. 11 from 9 a.m. to 4 p.m. at
the Auglaize County Administration
Building in Wapakoneta, Ohio and is
ofered through the Ohio State Uni-
versity Extension Ofce. Te class will
give participants in-depth training and
practice in identifying some common
invasive plant species along with some
options for control. In addition there
will be a session on invasives impacting
your pond and what invasive insects
are on the horizon (or already here).
Invasive species also impact wild-
life and how that happens will also be
discussed. Te class will begin indoors
with some in-depth information on a
wide variety of invasives. Some time
will be spent with hands-on samples
for identifcation purposes. If time
permits an optional outdoor session
will round out the day.
Registration costs for the class is
$35/person which includes lunch and
materials.
Make checks payable to Te Ohio
State University and mail to Ohio
Woodland Stewards Program, 210
Kotman Hall, 2021 Cofey Rd., Co-
lumbus, OH 43210.
For more information contact the
Auglaize County Extension Ofce at
419-739-6580 or the Ohio Woodland
Stewards Program at 614-688-3136.
You may get a brochure and register
on-line at htp://woodlandstewards.
osu.edu
A brochure and registration form
is also available at the OSU Extension
Ofce or web site at htp://auglaize.
osu.edu
Young kids do farm labor
(MCT) — In most states, a girl or boy
as young as 12 could work long hours
in the broiling summer sun picking the
fruits and vegetables for your Labor Day
picnic — and it’s legal.
Federal child labor laws set a mini-
mum work age of 16 for most occupa-
tions, but the laws exempt minors who
work in the agriculture and entertain-
ment industries.
Unless states pass their own rules,
children who are 12 can work seven days
a week outside of school hours picking
fruits and vegetables. Age, hour, over-
time and minimum wage provisions of
the federal Fair Labor Standards Act that
protect young workers in other felds
don’t apply.
Seventeen states have exempted farm
work from most or all their child labor
laws — Alabama, Delaware, Georgia,
Kansas, Kentucky, Louisiana, Mary-
land, Mississippi, Montana, Nebraska,
North Carolina, Oklahoma, Rhode Is-
land, Tennessee, Texas, West Virginia
and Wyoming. Others have set higher
age minimums for work during school
hours: California, Hawaii, Washington
and Wisconsin require someone to be 18
to work on a farm during school hours.
A dozen states set 14 as the minimum
wage for farm work outside of school
hours — Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas,
Connecticut, Florida, Iowa, Missouri,
New York, Ohio, South Carolina, Vir-
ginia and Washington.
Tere are exceptions. Washington al-
lows 12-year-olds to hand-harvest ber-
ries, bulbs, cucumbers and spinach when
they’re not in school. In Hawaii, 10-year-
olds can harvest cofee. Te federal gov-
ernment and 10 states set no maximum
on the number of hours per day or week a
young person can work on farms.
Wapakoneta Daily News Thursday, September 12, 2013 The Evening Leader
AGRICULTURE TODAY
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Weeds explored as biofuel source
ISANTI, Minn.
(MCT) — On the nag-
ging question of whether
growing crops to produce
biofuel hurts the nation’s
food supply, Clayton Mc-
Nef hopes to fnd a prac-
tical answer — in weeds.
McNef, the co-inven-
tor of technology used
to refne biodiesel at the
Ever Cat Fuels plant in
Isanti, has been working
for two years with a team
of scientists and farmers
to commercially grow
two seed-bearing weeds
as energy crops.
Last month, SarTec
crushed its frst oil seeds
harvested from weeds.
Te oil will be refned
into biofuel that works
in diesel cars, trucks and
tractors.
Te goal of the proj-
ect is to avoid using food
crops like soybeans for
fuel or displacing food
crops with energy crops.
So the research has fo-
cused on raising soy-
beans and weeds in the
same felds and during
the same growing sea-
son.
“You are double-crop-
ping on the same land,”
said McNef, vice presi-
dent for Isanti-based
SarTec, an agricultural
nutrients producer con-
trolled by his family that
expanded into biodiesel
in the past decade.
Afer planting the
weed crops camelina or
pennycress in late fall or
early spring, some par-
ticipating farmers have
harvested them early
enough to grow tradi-
tional crops in the same
growing season.
“You are able to get
both an energy crop and
a cash crop like a soy-
bean crop,” he said. “Tat
way we can provide both
the energy we need ... and
the food.”
Te SarTec team re-
cently began extracting
camelina oil at the plant
in Isanti, but only afer
a frustrating year for re-
searchers.
Tey struggled to
screen out chaf — bits
of leaves and fowers
— so the sesame-sized
camelina seeds could be
crushed in an oil press.
Tough small, the seeds’
oil content can be as high
as 40 percent. Tat’s a
beter ratio than in soy-
beans, the main source
of biodiesel.
“Te seed is so tiny we
had to fnd a screen that
had very, very tiny perfo-
rations, and the supplier
had a problem doing
that,” said Pete Greuel,
SarTec’s general manager
as he stood near a ma-
chine that now squeezes
out light-yellow weed oil.
“We press the oil out, and
take it over to Ever Cat
Fuels and make biodie-
sel.”
Biodiesel has been
produced since 2009 at
the 3-million-gallon-
per-year Ever Cat Fuels
plant. It now uses waste
oils collected from res-
taurants and other inedi-
ble fats, but the company
has kept looking for other
nonfood oils to produce
biodiesel.
SarTec is not the frst
company to look at cam-
elina and pennycress as
fuel crops. Both weeds
have been studied by the
U.S. Department of Agri-
culture, seed companies
and university scientists.
Camelina meal, the oil-
rich residue from seed
pressing, has been ap-
proved as catle feed by
the U.S. Food and Drug
Administration.
One of the Minnesota
research team’s goals is to
master the practical steps
for farmers to proftably
grow such weed crops.
McNef said he aims to
fnd out “what the value
proposition is for the
farmer.”
Nine farmers and Min-
nesota’s Anoka-Ramsey
Community College
have been part of the ef-
fort, which is funded by
a three-year, $500,000
U.S. Energy Depart-
ment grant and matching
funds from SarTec. In a
separate, related project,
SarTec recently devel-
oped a portable biodie-
sel refnery that it hopes
to market to farmers as a
largely automated way to
produce fuel from weeds
grown on the farm.
“We have to get farther
away from food crops be-
ing used for fuel,” said
Melanie Waite-Altringer,
a biology faculty member
at Anoka-Ramsey who
maintains the project’s
website and has partici-
pated in the research with
her students. “We have to
go to diferent crops that
will grow without a lot
of nutrients, and this is
defnitely one of them.
You don’t need a lot of
fertilizer to grow it — it’s
a weed.”
At a 25-acre plot on
the college’s Cambridge,
Minn., campus, research-
ers planted camelina in
May, followed by Round-
up-ready soybeans in
June. Te camelina soon
developed seeds and
stood taller than the
soybeans. It was sprayed
with Roundup and the
camelina was lef to dry
in July. Te seed-bearing
top of the camelina plant
was harvested by a com-
bine in early August. Te
soybeans, now on their
own, kept growing.
“We have about 1,200
bushels of the whole
site,” Waite-Altringer
said. Unfortunately, the
camelina harvest also
contains other, unwant-
ed weeds, she said. Tat
may have been caused
by late planting in the
wet spring, the timing of
the harvest or both, she
added.
Roger Bergman, a
farmer for 70 years near
Isanti, has twice planted
camelina in the fall so it
could be harvested in the
spring. He has not goten
big yields, but plans to
keep trying. Timing the
planting and harvesting
is critical, especially in
Minnesota’s short grow-
ing season, he added.
“It is an ancient crop,
used far back in history,”
Bergman said of cam-
elina, which he suspects
was once used as lamp
oil.
MCT photo
SarTec/EverCat Fuels’ Clayton McNeff shows how a portable biodiesel produc-
tion unit works, August 2, 2013, in Isanti, Minnesota. The company plans to take
it to farms, agricultural businesses and co-ops to process natural oil wastes,
soybean oil and other lipids into biodiesel.
Agritourism a
boom for
local economies
DURHAM, N.Y. (MCT) — When booking your
next family holiday, perhaps you would like to try
something a litle diferent and more hands-on. Ide-
ally, you’d like to do something that will bring you
closer as a family while learning fun and useful things.
Agritourism — the family fun that comes from the in-
tersection of agriculture and tourism — is growing in
both popularity and availability. It not only is an edu-
cational experience, but a truly unique and interest-
ing one that the whole family can enjoy.
For many, farming was the way our ancestors made
a living, and there are still quite a few Americans
today who farm full time. Family farms, however,
are fast going the way of horse drawn carriages and
mechanical watches — it gets harder every year for
small, family owned farms to make a living while large
brand-owned businesses are in the game and making
regulations difcult. Enter agritourism. Not only does
this allow family farms to stay afoat, but also gives to-
day’s families and children who ofen have zero idea
about manual and physical labor, insight to the inner
workings of farm life, rural living and a whole day be-
ing outside — without a video game in sight.
We recently took such a trip to Hull-O Farms in
the Catskills of upstate New York. Tis is not a peting
zoo — you can actually take part in farm chores. You
will learn to milk a cow, feed the chickens, fnd the
eggs from the coop, botle feed baby goats and more.
Your family stays right on farm property, eating food
using fresh farm ingredients prepared by Mrs. Hull
herself. Many of her recipes have been honed afer be-
ing handed down for generations.
Te family is the sixth generation of farmers who
have lived on the property. Mr. Hull (aka “Farmer
Frank”) was born in a room right by the kitchen.
Mrs. Hull prides herself on her pancakes, and with
good reason. She has produced a cookbook, sharing
some of her secrets with readers (though she refuses
to share her pancake recipe), and Farmer Frank has
spent years perfecting his sausage paties — yes, made
from scratch. You know where your food comes from
at Hull-O Farms.
We spent quite a bit of time with Farmer George,
not an owner of the property but a hired hand. His
patience with the children and guidance was greatly
appreciated, as we “city folk” had never fed baby
goats before nor had cast a fshing line in a very long
time. My son, being only 5, was slow and clumsy, but
George was patient, calm and gentle with him, let-
ting him make mistakes to learn from them. My son
learned many things while on the farm, from the right
way to hold a botle, to how to feed pigs, to learning
where eggs come from and why they come out white
or brown. My son was enthralled with the experience
we had at the farm, so much that he is still asking
when we will return. We had some downtime from
farm chores and were able to go fshing with Farmer
George and participate in a sunset sing-a-long and
s’mores roast with the other guests while local musi-
cian Greg Stewart plucked at his guitar.
Furthermore, my son was also able to meet some
animal friends, including a large white turkey (Frick,
of the pair “Frick and Frack”) as well as a fufy gray
and white cat that followed us around everywhere.
Giving your children the experience of being out-
doors, as well as working with and having hands-on
time with animals and farm chores, are experiences
that are lacking today.
Wapakoneta Daily News Thursday, September 12, 2013 The Evening Leader
AGRICULTURE TODAY
7C
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frst without wheat. His
youngest son, who farms
3,000 acres, had long
asked him why he even
bothered with it.
Aasness and other
farmers note that wheat
is falling behind partly
because of a relative lack
of research. Aasness said
the University of Min-
nesota and other public
universities have done a
“yeoman’s job” in wheat
research, but seed and
breeding companies’
research is focused on
GMO crops.
Tere’s a fnancial
incentive behind that.
Farmers must buy GMO
corn and GMO soybean
seeds every year; they
can’t just use seed from
last year’s crop, as they
can with wheat.
“Tat has enabled the
private companies to put
a lot of dollars into re-
search,” Aasness said.
Indeed, the North
American Millers’ Asso-
ciation, which represents
wheat and corn millers,
estimates that annual
spending on corn breed-
ing outpaces that on
wheat breeding 10-to-1.
Still, some private re-
search money is going
to wheat, including from
GMO giant Monsanto,
known for its ubiquitous
Roundup Ready herbi-
cide and seed technol-
ogy. Te Missouri-based
company tested Round-
up Ready wheat in sev-
eral states during the late
1990s and the frst half of
the 2000s, but pulled the
plug in 2005 because of
opposition from big grain
buyers.
Monsanto waded back
into wheat in 2009 with
the purchase of a Mon-
tana-based wheat seed
frm. Last fall, Monsanto
and NDSU announced
a partnership to beter
their respective wheat
breeding programs.
Improving wheat ge-
netics is on tap, including
breeding more drought-
resistant wheat and wheat
that uses nitrogen — a
key nutrient — more ef-
ciently, said NDSU’s Ol-
son. “We are starting to
talk about GM wheat —
but not with Roundup,”
he said.
Jay Nord’s family has
been farming in the Red
River Valley since 1887.
His great-grandfather
ran a “bonanza farm,” a
large tract that used the
newest technology to
grow wheat for booming
Midwest four mills.
Corn long ago dis-
placed wheat as Min-
nesota’s top crop, but
wheat was still No. 1 in
the valley until relatively
recently.
Wheat and barley
made up half of the Nord
family farm’s acreage in
the mid-1990s. Nowa-
days, barley is gone and
wheat comprises only
about 15 percent of the
4,300 acres Jay and his
brother Carl Nord farm
in Wilkin County. Soy-
beans, Minnesota’s No. 2
crop since the late 1970s,
account for half of their
production; corn, 35 per-
cent.
Teir experience is
mirrored in the valley:
For six counties abut-
ting the Red River, wheat
acreage in 2012 was 50
percent less than in 1992,
and soybeans had dis-
placed wheat as the big-
gest crop.
Wheat
From Page 8$
Conservation helps farmers, hunters
NEAR NORTH BRNCH, Minn. (MCT) —
One Wednesday evening, rain threatened to fall here
on the 1,400-acre corn and soybean farm owned by
the John and Jewell Peterson family. But ultimately,
no showers were received, leaving the Petersons —
like farmers throughout much of Minnesota — still
searching the skies for rain that hasn’t appeared for
nearly two months.
Te Petersons and their operation, Spring Creek
Farms, were hosting a gathering of about 20 people
sponsored by the Minnesota Soybean Research and
Promotion Council.
A group called Discovery Farms Minnesota also
had representatives on hand to explain how they are
conducting research on the Peterson farm and on
other farms throughout Minnesota to determine, in
general, sediment and nutrient losses from runof.
Te Peterson farm was selected for the event, I was
told, because of its conservation practices.
I would like to say my insatiable intellectual curi-
osity prompted me to atend. But in fact I atended in
large part because my former colleague Ron Schara
has been fronting for the soybean folks on his “Min-
nesota Bound” television program, and in other
venues, and — to bare all — more than a few Min-
nesota conservationists have wondered why, money
notwithstanding, he would succumb to helping out
conservation’s “dark side” — namely farmers.
It’s farmers, afer all, who are bailing out of the Con-
servation Reserve Program as if it were the plague,
in the Dakotas as well as in Minnesota, in some in-
stances puting under the plow lands that are highly
erodible, that but up against streams and rivers, or
are otherwise best lef in cover crops or wildlife habi-
tat. It’s also farmers who are contributing to ground-
and surface-water pollution in Minnesota and to the
“dead zone” in the Gulf of Mexico at the mouth of the
Mississippi River.
And it’s Minnesota farmers — or at least their farm
groups — that routinely fght conservation eforts
at the Legislature, not least by opposing the Legacy
Act. And nationally, farm groups have opposed link-
ing participation in federal conservation programs to
participation in the federal crop insurance program.
So it was that I showed up at the Peterson farm in
part to see what the soybean people considered farm-
land “conservation,” and, more fundamentally, to see
whether the whole thing was litle more than a PR
stunt.
It wasn’t. Here’s what I learned:
1) John Peterson is a smart, conscientious farmer
whose conservation ethic is well developed and, not
incidentally, closely intertwined with his proft mo-
tive.
2) Not all soybean (or corn) farmers are the same,
nor do they farm the same types of soils, or near (or
far from) the same types of rivers or lakes. Tus pollu-
tion, erosion or other threats that various farms might
present to the environment or to fsh and wildlife are
variable.
3) Terefore, proper and ethical “conservation”
practices will vary from farm to farm.
4) Paid spokesman or not, Schara didn’t pull any
punches when he spoke to the group, saying, in sum,
that there were conservation-minded farmers and
others who weren’t.
Finally, I learned that to get an accurate assessment
of what is actually happening, conservationwise, in
farm country, I’ll need a broader view.
Terefore, I intend in coming months to check out
other farms in other parts of the state to see how (or
whether) they integrate conservation into their farm-
ing methods, i.e., whether, as John Peterson does, they
manage (and monitor) their nutrient, sediment and
water runof in an atempt to minimize downstream
siltation and pollution, and whether (as Peterson also
does) they set aside land for wildlife and other non-
cropping uses.
Meanwhile, below is a snapshot of Peterson and
the way he farms.
— Peterson grew up near where he now lives. He
started farming with 100 acres, and today owns about
700, with another 700 rented. He alternates his corn
and soybeans annually in strips and practices no-till
planting, which he says holds nutrients and moisture
in the soil well and reduces runof, while cuting in-
put costs. “I got into no-till in the 1990s because peo-
ple told me it wouldn’t work,” he said. “I like to learn,
I like challenges. I believe it would work in any soil
type.”
— Peterson, aided by his two sons, Nathaniel, 27,
and Nicholas, 25, uses sophisticated planting, spray-
ing and harvesting equipment, including a $350,000
combine with a $150,000 harvesting head and three
tractors, all by John Deere, that he buys new and
trades in every year. “I’ve rotated combines like that
since the late 1970s,” he said. “It cuts my maintenance
and overall equipment costs.” Each machine can
drive itself down mile-long felds, varying its course,
year afer year, by no more than 3 inches. Similarly,
sprayers are computer controlled so fertilizer, pesti-
cides and other chemicals aren’t over-applied.
Millions
struggling to
feed families
WASHINGTON (MCT) — Some 17.6 million
U.S. households had trouble feeding their fam-
ily members at times last year as “food insecurity”
remained at near-record levels for the ffh straight
year, according to a government report released
Wednesday.
More than one-third of those households — 7
million — sufered from “very low food security,” in
which usual eating paterns were disrupted and con-
sumption was reduced because of a lack of money
and access to food.
In all, 49 million Americans didn’t know where
their next meals would come from at some point in
2012, the U.S. Department of Agriculture reported.
While the numbers show a slight improvement
over 2011, the diferences weren’t statistically sig-
nifcant, the report found.
Te level of food hardship in the U.S. remained
high last year in the afermath of the recession, in
which more than 8 million Americans lost their
jobs.
“Te fact that 49 million people in this country
continue to struggle to put food on the table is un-
conscionable,” said the Rev. David Beckmann, the
president of Bread for the World, a Washington-
based anti-hunger organization.
Access to food was most problematic among the
poor, female-headed families, families with chil-
dren, and blacks and Hispanics, according to the an-
nual USDA report, “Household Food Security in the
United States in 2012.”
Food insecurity afected 1 in 5 U.S. households
with children, more than one-third of households
with children headed by single women and nearly a
quarter of households with children headed by sin-
gle men, the report found.
Nearly 1 million children — about 1.3 percent of
the nation’s youngsters — lived in households with
very low food security.
J & L Power Equipment, Inc.
• KUBOTA GARDEN TRACTORS • SNAPPER-PRO • STIHL CHAIN SAWS

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Jim Harrod
13317 Co. Rd. 25A, Wapakoneta, Ohio, 45895
Phone: 419-738-7834 Fax: 419-738-0373 Email jandlpower@bright.net

Wapakoneta Daily News Thursday, September 12, 2013 The Evening Leader
AGRICULTURE TODAY
8C
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03242 Barber Werner Road
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TRACTORS
Case IH 5130 Maxxum, loader, 1991 6862 hrs 2wd ........................21,500
Case IH 7130 1988 3772 hrs MFD, duals, 3 remotes......................53,000
Case IH 9230 4WD, 1995, 6355 hrs, 4 remotes ..............................75,000
Case IH Maxxum 115 2010 841 hrs, cab, loader,MFD ....................72,000
Case IH 215 2008 3008 hrs MFD exc tires 4 remotes ...................135,000
Case IH 235 2013 104 hrs, duals, loaded .....................................175,000
Case IH STX450 2003 4206 hrs duals drawbar 4 rem .....................99,000
Farmall H 1948 .................................................................................2,200
IH 184 Cub Lo-Boy 1980 Red, electric PTO 60” deck .......................4,200
IH 826 1970 5623 hrs, cab, 1 remote, 3 point ...................................9,500
IH 856 1968 5938 hrs, cab, dual pto, 3 point ....................................9,900
New Holland TS100 2002 1650 hrs, cab, 2WD ...............................27,500
New Holland 8870 1993 5524 hrs MFD, duals ...............................65,000
New Holland 8970 1995 7163 hrs MFD, duals ...............................49,500
SKID LOADERS
Case 450 2007 1929 hrs 73”,HD coupler, cab and A/C ...................29,000
DISKS & PACKERS & MULCHERS & HARROWS
Case IH 330 Turbo Till 25 ft ............................................................42,000
Unverferth 220 28 ft, dbl baskets, harrow, lights, red ........................8,900
FIELD CULTIVATORS & CHISEL PLOWS
M&W 1700 9 shank disc ripper w/coil tine harrow .........................23,500
Sunflower 4311 Disc-Ripper 14ft 7 shank .......................................12,500
DMI 527 Ecolotiger, Remlinger 5 bar spike harrow .........................12,500
Case IH 200 FC 26.5ft harrow, rear hyd and hitch ...........................22,500
Glencoe 7 shank Soil Saver...............................................................8,500
DRILLS
PLANTERS
Great Plains YP1225-24TR 2008 30 ft 12 row 24 units ...................82,900
COMBINES
Case IH 1660 4416 hrs 2wd, chopper, RT, IH eng ...........................26,500
Case IH 2388 1999 1903 rotor hrs ..................................................69,000
Case IH 2388 2000 2613 rotor hrs 2wd RT, chop ............................79,000
Case IH 2388 2003 2040 rotor hrs 2wd RT,chop .............................95,000
Case IH 2388 2001 1958 rotor hrs 4wd RT,chop .............................99,000
Case IH 2577 2008 961 rotor hrs 2wd RT,chop,FT ........................159,000
Case IH 2588 2007 1562 rotor hrs 2wd RT chop FT .....................159,000
Case IH 2588 2007 1051 rotor hrs 2wd RT, chopper .....................185,500
Case IH 5088 2009 1024 rotor hrs 2wd, RT,chopper .....................209,000
Case IH 6130 2012 292 rotor hrs 2WD chopper RT ......................259,000
Case IH 7010 2007 1123 rotor hrs 4wd chopper RT .....................169,000
Case IH 7120 2009 831 rotor hrs ..................................................239,000
Cat Lexion 475 tracks…….ask for Dale or Doug ...........................90,000
CORN HDS/PLATFORMS
IH 820 20 ft, wooden bats, manual fore and aft .................................1,500
Case IH 1020 20’ 1993 SCH manual fore & aft .................................9,500
Case IH 1020 22.5’ 1990 3” bolt on, Field Tracker ..........................13,500
Case IH 1020 25’ 1989 ......................................................................5,900
Case IH 1020 25’ 1995 FT, SCH knife, Orbit reel ...............................9,500
Case IH 1020 25’ 2000, rock guard, SCH knife, FT .........................10,000
Case IH 1020 30’ 1994 FT, SCH knife, oil bath .................................7,500
Case IH 1020 30’ 1998 FT 3” bolt on knives, poly skid ...................12,000
Case IH 1020 30’ 1997, FT, SCH, Rockguard ..................................14,900
Case IH 1020 30’ 2003 FT, 3” bolt on knife, poly ............................15,000
Case IH 1020 30’ 2006 Full Finger Auger .......................................17,500
Case IH 1020 30’ 2004 ....................................................................20,000
Case IH 1020 30’ 1995 SCH, field tracker, poly skid .......................17,000
Case IH 2020 25’ 2009 3” bolt on knife, FT, poly ............................16,500
Case IH 2020 35’ 2010 ....................................................................19,000
Case IH 2206 6-30” Corn Head 2006 cast rollers,hyd ....................27,000
Case IH 2206 30” 2006 hyd adjust knives.......................................32,000
Case IH 2208 8-30” Corn Head 2003 field tracker ..........................40,000
Case IH 2408 8-30” 2007 field tracker ............................................33,000
Case IH 3208 30” 2008 hyd deck plates..........................................45,000
Case IH 3406 6-30” 2009 lateral tilt, hyd deck plates......................34,000
Case IH 3408 30” 2009 stalk stompers, ear savers .........................40,000
Case IH 3408 30” 2010 ...................................................................42,000
Case IH 3408 30” 2010 ...................................................................42,500
Case IH 3408 30” 2010, hyd deck plates.........................................45,900
AUGERS
Mayrath 62’ X 8” Swingaway .............................................................3,150
Mayrath 62’ X 8” Swingaway-mech drive, corn screen ......................3,500
Mayrath 62 X 10 Swingaway .............................................................2,500
Mayrath 62 X 10 Swingaway-mech drive, corn screen ......................3,900
Mayrath 62’ X 10” Swingaway- mech drive .......................................5,900
Mayrath 62’ X 10” Swingaway- 2012 very nice .................................7,900
Hutchinson 62’ X 8” Swingaway –old style mech drive ....................2,500
HAY TOOLS
Hay Wagon 16 ft ................................................................................1,600
IH 1300 7ft 3 point sickle bar mower.................................................1,200
ROTARY CUTTERS & FINISH MOWERS
M&W 15 ft rotary mower, hyd fold, 540 pto ......................................7,500
Bush Hog 306 broken main shaft-----as-is .........................................500
WAGONS & BOXES & CARTS
J&M 250 box 10 ton gear 11L-15 tires .............................................1,200
J&M 350 box 13 ton gear 10.00x20 tires ..........................................3,150
J&M 350 box 13 ton gear 10.00x20 tires ..........................................3,150
Kill Bros 300 Center Dump 10.00-20 tires ........................................1,900
Unverferth 350 box with 12 ton gear .................................................3,900
John Deere Header Trailer fits up to 30’ .............................................2,150
MISC
Kubota RTV900 2009 295 hrs soft cab, heat, wipers ......................14,500
Kubota RTV900 2010 371 hrs hard cab, heater ...............................14,500
Kubota RTV900 2004 1045 hrs, poly roof,worksite ...........................8,900
Kewanee 8’ 3 point blade ...................................................................1,900
Jay Lor 4425 Tub Grinder with scales .............................................24,900
Hull Bros. Inc.
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Higher profits drive wheat farmers to corn, beans
WO L V E R T O N ,
Minn. (MCT) — Jay
Nord surveyed his wheat
feld from the seat of a
combine as he mowed
down this year’s crop.
Te impressive ma-
chine is a new Case IH
with 60 percent more
horsepower than his old
combine and the ability
to harvest one-third more
grain with each pass.
Of course, if he grew
only wheat, he wouldn’t
be driving it.
Te big money to re-
invest in new equipment
for Nord’s Red River
Valley farm comes from
his soybean and corn-
felds. Wheat makes up a
shrinking percentage of
his production — and it’s
a similar story at farms
throughout the state.
Once the lifeblood of
Minneapolis, the nation’s
onetime four milling
capital, wheat’s presence
has been fading. Minne-
sota’s wheat acreage in
2012 was 60 percent less
than it was during the
grain’s heyday in the late
1970s and early 1980s.
“King wheat,” as it was
known in Minnesota long
ago, simply isn’t as good
an investment as corn
and soybeans. Prices for
those crops have been ro-
bust in recent years. Both
are easier to grow than
wheat, partly because of
genetic engineering, and
they tend to bring beter
yields.
“When I was in high
school, wheat was a big
deal,” said Nord, 55. He
recalls hoping for early
August harvests: “We
wanted to get it out of the
way before football prac-
tice started.”
While there’s still
plenty of wheat world-
wide, the decline in tra-
ditional growing regions
has repercussions for the
supply chain.
Wheat four mill-
ers may fnd themselves
farther from the source
of their grain, upping
transportation costs. Te
decline of wheat acreage
in Minnesota and North
Dakota has also hurt the
port of Duluth-Superior,
Minn., where wheat was
historically the main ag-
ricultural export.
Te Upper Midwest
and Montana are the na-
tion’s hub for hard red
spring wheat, known for
high quality and high
protein content. It’s a
mainstay in bread. North
Dakota is No. 1 in U.S.
hard red spring produc-
tion; Minnesota ranks
third, with acreage con-
centrated in the state’s
northwest.
But the decline in
wheat acreage in the Red
River Valley — and in
the United States gener-
ally — roughly paral-
lels the rise of geneti-
cally modifed soybeans
and corn, which were
commercialized in the
mid- to late 1990s. Even
before that, corn yields
had been growing faster
than those of other main
grains as seed companies
invested loads of money
into new corn hybrids.
With the advent of the
GMO technology, or “ge-
netically modifed organ-
ism,” the corn borer and
rootworm became easier
to fght. Weed killing in
soybean and cornfelds
became simpler — sav-
ing labor and production
costs, many farmers say.
And corn, courtesy of
seed technology advanc-
es, is hardier these days
in northern climates.
Nord, who is president
of the Minnesota Wheat
Growers Association,
said that since he started
planting corn 15 years
ago, his corn yield — as
measured in bushels per
acre — has increased
about 30 percent, while
his wheat yield has risen
only 5 percent. “Tat’s
why we need GMO in
wheat.”
But GMO technology
has been forbidden so
far for commercial use
in wheat. While many
farmers want GMO to
make wheat a more com-
petitive crop, opposition
remains ferce.
Tis spring’s discovery
of a rogue patch of GMO
wheat in Oregon ofers a
prime example. None of
it got into the food sup-
ply. But the discovery
sent wheat markets into
a tizzy, with Japan and
South Korea announcing
they would temporarily
halt purchases of a strain
of wheat known as sof
white.
GMO corn is in ev-
erything from breakfast
cereal to salty snacks.
GMO soybean oil is a
staple in salad dressings
and mayonnaise. To
GMO detractors, they’re
“Frankenfood.” To most
consumers, they’re pro-
cessed foods. But wheat
is ofen seen diferently.
It’s bread, the staf of life.
“Te connection
between the feld and
consumption is much
shorter and very direct,”
said Frayne Olson, crop
economist and market-
ing specialist at North
Dakota State University.
Ten there are corn
prices. Corn acreage
nationally has acceler-
ated in the past seven
years as corn prices have
risen sharply, the result
of greater demand by
the U.S. biofuel industry
and rapidly developing
foreign countries. Soy-
bean prices have largely
tracked corn.
“We have a huge ad-
vantage in corn, a huge
advantage in soybeans,
so we’re going to switch
over from wheat,” said
Paul Aasness, who has
farmed for more than 50
years near Fergus Falls,
Minn.
He’s semiretired but
still tends 450 acres,
and this year was his
MCT photo
Wheat acreage has been continually declining for years, as more farmers plant corn and soybeans. Here, Jay
Nord harvests wheat from an 80-acre plot near Wolverton, Minn.
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See WHEAT, Page 7&
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